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2000年专业英语四级考试答案

来源:网络发布时间:2009-07-17

  答案及详解
  一.听力原文
  PART Ⅱ DICTATION
  What We Know About Language
  Many things about language are a mystery and will remain so. However, we now do know something about it. First, we know that all human beings have a language of some sort. No human race anywhere on earth is so backward that it has no language of its own at all. Second , there is no such thing as a primitive language. There are many people whose cultures are undeveloped but the languages they speak are by no means primitive. In all the languages existing in the world today, there are complexities that must have been developed for years. Third, we know that all languages are perfectly adequate. Each is a perfect means of expressing its culture. And finally, we know that language changes over time, which is natural and normal if a language is to survive. The language which remains unchanged is nothing but dead.
  PART Ⅲ LISTENING COMPREHENSION SECTION A STATEMENT
  1. Harry’s brother would not remain an engine driver if he were ambitious.
  2. Would you mind waiting a few minutes? Ms Ellis is being examined by her physician at this moment.
  3. Joan is in hospital. I’d like to send her a handbag she can use later in the law office, where she is employed.
  4. Mary and I work in the same office. We are on five days and off two days in a week. Every time I see her, she is wearing a different silk scarf.
  5. We’ll come aboard Southeast Service to Red Hill, East Corydon and Victoria, with changes in Red Hill for Gilford.
  6. What we need here is a clerk who is careful and CONSIDERATE. Let’s write that in the ad: carefulness and consideration are a must.
  7. I used to think Emily was honest and trust-worthy, but now I know better.
  8. The first train to Green Hill leaves at 6:28. There is a train every hour on the hour and every 28 minutes PAST the hour.
  9. The trouble is no matter how hard he tried, Malcolm didn’t seem to get anywhere.
  SECTION B CONVERSATION
  10. M:What do you think? Am I OK?
  W: Well, there is some information that seems to me ... I want to have a thorough checkup and do some tests.
  11. M: It’s hot! I wish it would rain and cool off!
  W: This isn’t usual for November. I don’t remember it ever being so hot and dry in November before.
  12. M: Many people prefer taking public buses or the subway or even taxis because parking is getting to be a real headache in some parts of the city.
  W: That doesn’t surprise me.
  13. M: Hello, Good morning, I’m calling to check on the status of my computer.
  W: Well, the new parts have just been coming in,so it should be ready by Friday.
  14. M: My goodness, the service in this restaurant is really terrible, a lot worse than before.
  W: Right. It’s high time they got rid of half the staff here if you ask me.
  15. M: Operator, I booked a long-distance collect call for my sister in Switzerland 25 minutes ago, but I haven’t got a reply yet.
  W: Sorry, I ring it for you right now.
  16. W: I’ll wear this blue jacket. I like the color on me, don’t you think?
  M: I think it looks terrific on you,really.
  17. M: How did Mr. Hunt’s project turn out? I heard he had trouble with the financing, but then he could get the loan he wanted.
  W: It’s true. He did have difficulties at first. But all in all, the project couldn’t have turned out better.
  SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST
  News Item One (18)
  NATO and Russia are reporting some progress in efforts to finalize a charter governing their post-cold-war relationship. But they stressed more work must be done to settle their differences in military and political issues. A fifth round of talks between the Russian foreign minister and NATO Secretary General ended Tuesday in Luxembourg.
  News Item Two (19-20)
  A Boeing 727 aircraft with 51 passengers and 10 crew on board has crashed into a mountain side just outside the Columbia capital, Bogota. Police and rescue workers said everyone was killed when the plane exploded scattering wreckage over a wide area. The crash happened shortly after take-off when the plane was unable to gain enough height to clear the mountains. The aircraft belonged to Ecuadorian Airline, but it had been chartered by Air-France for the route from Bogota to Ecuadorian Capital, Quito.
  News Item Three (21-22)
  The US has designated thirty international groups as terrorist organizations, barring them from receiving money, weapons or other support from US citizens. The new terrorist list includes a Palestinian group Hamas, the Pro-Iranian Hezbollah, Cambodian’s Khmer Rouge, the Basque separatist group ETA, Sri Lanka’s Tamitigers, and Peru-based Shining Path and Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement. The list does not include the Irish Republican Army or the Palestinian Liberation Organization. US Secretary of State Maddine Albright says the affected groups will have their US visas revoked and US financial assets frozen.
  News Item Four (23)
  Israeli prosecutors are reviewing charges against Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, after Israeli police called off his indictment. Justice Ministry officials say they hope a decision on whether to bring charges against the Israeli leader will be announced Sunday. The case stems from the appointment of Runny Barong as Israeli attorney general. Critics charged the appointment was part of a conspiracy to end the trial of Netanyahu’s political ally.
  News Item Five (24-25)
  The combined left-wing opposition in France has defeated President Jaque Chirac’s ruling conservative coalition in the first round of the country’s parliamentary elections. Projections by French TV give the Socialist-led opposition 40% of the vote and Mr. Chirac’s center-right coalition 37%. If the left secures the majority of seats in parliament, Socialist leader Leono Jospin would likely became prime minister in the power-sharing arrangement with President Chirac.
  PART Ⅲ LISTENING COMPREHENSIONSECTION A STATEMENT
  1. 答案:A
  【问句译文】关于Harry的弟弟,下列哪一说法正确?
  【试题分析】本题为推理题。
  【详细解答】解答本题的关键是听懂 “would no…if…”的含义“如果……,就不会……”,就可以明白这句话意为“Harry的弟弟要是有雄心,就不会到现在还是火车司机了。”也就是说Harry的弟弟安于现状,故选A。
  2.答案:C
  【问句译文】你知道了有关Ms.Ellis的什么?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】本题的关键词是“…is being examined by her physician”,既然在接受内科医生的检查,她当然是在看医生,故选项C为正确答案。
  3.答案:C
  【问句译文】Joan的职业是什么?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】本题的关键词是“…the law office where she is employed”,由此可以得知她的职业是“lawyer”。
  4.答案:B
  【问句译文】 讲话者一周内可以看到Mary戴几条围巾?
  【试题分析】本题为推理题。
  【详细解答】讲话者说他每次见到Mary,她都戴一条不同的丝质围巾。由于“on five days and off two days in a week”指一周工作五天休息两天,所以一周内可以看到Mary戴5条围巾。
  5.答案:D
  【问句译文】乘客们在哪儿换乘火车去Gilford?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】本题的关键词是“…with changes in Red Hill for Gilford”,即在Red Hill换乘可以到达Gilford。
  6.答案:B
  【问句译文】讲话者很可能做什么?
  【试题分析】本题为推理题。
  【详细解答】解答本题的关键是听懂 “What we need here is a clerk…write that in the ad.…”可以看出讲话者是在写招聘人员的广告,故选项B为正确答案。
  7.答案:A
  【问句译文】讲话者是什么意思?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】“used to”指过去如何,现在不再那样。讲话者过去认为Emily是“honest and trustworthy”,那么她现在就是“neither honest nor trustworthy”。
  8.答案:B
  【问句译文】下一趟列车何时离开?
  【试题分析】本题为计算题。
  【详细解答】讲话者先说出首趟列车“…leaves at 6:28.”接着说下一趟列车是“every hour on the hour and every twenty eight minutes past the hour”即整点和整点过后28分钟,因此下一趟列车离开时间是7:00。
  9.答案:D
  【问句译文】关于Malcolm的说法,哪一项是错的?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】本题的关键词是“to get anywhere”,字面意思是“到达任何地方”,深层的句意是“取得任何成就”。因此,讲话者的意思是“无论Malcolm怎么努力, 他都不能取得任何成就”。
  SECTION B CONVERSATION
  10.答案:B
  【问句译文】两位讲话者可能是什么关系?
  【试题分析】本题为推理题。
  【详细解答】 本题的关键词有“inflammation”(发炎),“thorough check-up”(全面的体格检查),由此可知,两人最可能的关系是医生和病人。
  注意点:此类题往往是根据两人的对话,要求推测对话者的身份,谈话的时间、地点等,这类题往往抓住几个关键词就能作出正确判断。
  11.答案:D
  【问句译文】平常十一月份的天气怎样?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】本题的关键句是“I don’t remember it ever being so hot and dry…before.”由此可知,平常十一月份的天气比目前要凉爽。
  12.答案:B
  【问句译文】从对话可得出什么结论?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】本题的关键句是“parking is getting to be a real headache”,停车成为一个令人头疼的问题,选项B与此话含义一致。
  注意点: “What conclusion can we draw from…?”为一常见问句,通常要用排除法来解答,浏览一遍四个选项,然后逐个排除。
  13.答案:A
  【问句译文】两位讲话者在谈论什么?
  【试题分析】本题为推理题。
  【详细解答】女士打电话问她的电脑状况如何,男士说“it should be ready by Friday”,由此可知,女士已经将电脑送去修理,并将在周五修好,故选项A为正确答案。本对话中的“the new parts”指的是“新的(计算机)零件”。
  14.答案:A
  【问句译文】我们可从对话得出什么结论?
  【试题分析】本题为推理题。
  【详细解答】女士抱怨餐馆服务太差(the service in this restaurant is really terrible),男士表示赞同(Right),由此可知,他们俩都对该餐馆的服务不满。
  15.答案:C
  【问句译文】谁将付电话费?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】解答本题的关键是明白“a long distance collect call”的意思是“由对方付费的长途电话”,而男土是给他的“sister”打电话,所以付费的应是“the man’s sister”。
  16.答案:A
  【问句译文】男士对女士穿衣的选择是什么意见?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】女士问男士对蓝色外衣的看法,男士回答说“it looks terrific on you”,即它看起来好极了。由此可知,男士赞同女士的选择。
  17.答案:A
  【问句译文】Hunt先生的项目如何?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】解答本题的关键是明白“couldn’t have turned out better”的意思是“不可能再好了;已经很好了”。由此可知,Hunt先生的项目非常成功。

 SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST
  18.答案:B
  【问句译文】根据新闻,NATO和Russia如何?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】 这篇新闻谈论NATO和Russia外交关系的进展。解答本题的关键是听懂新闻的第二句“…more work must be done to settle their differences in military and political issues.”
  19.答案:A
  【问句译文】这次空难中有多少人遇难?
  【试题分析】本题为计算题。
  【详细解答】该新闻讲的是一次空难事故。新闻开篇提到这列航班“with fifty-one passengers and ten crew on board”,所以所有人加起来共有61人。新闻中还提到“every one was killed”,即这次空难无人生还。由此可知,选项A为正确答案。
  20.答案:B
  【问句译文】根据该新闻,飞机坠毁在……。
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】解答本题的关键在新闻的第四句“The crash happened shortly after takeoff…”由此可知,正确答案为选项B。
  21.答案:C
  【问句译文】下列哪一项不包含在美国开出的恐怖组织名单中?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】这篇新闻讲的是美国开列出的一份恐怖组织名单以及针对这些组织所采取的某些措施。新闻先列出了许多恐怖组织的名称,后面还说“The list does not include the Irish Republican Army or the Palestinian Liberation Organization.”由此可知,正确答案为选项C。
  22.答案:A
  【问句译文】受影响的组织将被禁止怎样?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】新闻在谈到对付这些恐怖组织的措施时说 “their US visas revoked”即“取消他们的美国签证”,也就是说“他们将被阻止合法地进人美国”,故选项A为正确答案。
  23.答案:B
  【问句译文】以色列针总理内塔尼亚胡怎样?
  【试题分析】本题为推理题。
  【详细解答】这篇新闻讲的是一起有关以色列总理内塔尼亚胡的政治官司。解答本题的关键在新闻的前两句,第一句“Israeli prosecutors are reviewing charges against…”,是说以色列起诉方正在对指控材料进行复查,第二句“Ministry officials say they hope thedecision...will be announced Sunday”是说部委官员希望在星期天对是否指控做出决定,由此可知指控尚未做出,故选项B为正确答案。
  24.答案:B
  【问句译文】所报道的选举获胜者是谁?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】这篇新闻讲述的是法国的一次政治选举。解答本题的关键在新闻第一句“Left-wing opposition…has defeated…Conservative coalition”,由此可知,选举中获胜的一方是the left-wing Socialists。
  25.答案:C
  【问句译文】如果左派保持占有会议的多数,那么结果如何?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】解答本题的关键在新闻的最后一句,“If the left secures a majority…Jospin…become Prime Minister in a power sharing her arrangement with President Chirac.”即如果左派保持占有会议的多数,Jospin就成为总理,与首相Chirac一起治理国家。这里并不是说两人分享权力,而是各司其职。故选项C为正确答案。

  完型填空
  短文大意:这篇文章介绍了气体与液体的特性及相关理论。
  26.答案:B
  【试题分析】本题考查对固定搭配的掌握。
  【详细解答】under与condition搭配,表示“在……条件或状况下”;on与 condition搭配,表示“在……条件下”;in与condition构成习惯短语,表示“身体状况良好”,而be out of condition”则表示“身体状况不好”。 这里是说“在地球表面通常的温度和压强条件下……”,故选项B为正确答案。
  27.答案:A
  【试题分析】本题为语法题,考查对句子结构的理解。
  【详细解答】由于所填词前有and这一并列连词,这里缺少一个谓语与前面的“can be”并列。谓语动词fill意思是“使……充满”,具有使动意义,其后直接跟宾语,故选项A是正确答案。
  28.答案:B
  【试题分析】本题为动词词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】 intend意为“打算,意图”,主语通常是人;tend意为“有……倾向”,后接不定式,主语可以是人也可以是物;incline意为“使(某人)倾向于,使(某人)有意思(做某事)”,常用于被动语态be inclined to;contend意为“争夺;争辩”。这里是说“但(气体)往往会扩散到任何可能的空间”,故选项B为正确答案。29.答案:D
  【试题分析】本题为语法题,考查连词的用法。
  【详细解答】however表转折意为“然而”;nevertheless也表转折,意为“然而”;so表结果,但常放于句首; therefore表结果,意为“因此,所以”。这里是说气体容易扩散,所以必须保存在密闭的容器里。因此此处需要一个表结果关系的连词,故选项D为正确答案。
  30.答案:B
  【试题分析】本题考查对固定搭配的掌握。
  【详细解答】in the event of表示“如果发生……,万一……”;in the case of表示“在……的情况下,就……而言”; with a view of或者with a view to,意思是“以……为目的;为……起见”;with reference to意思是“关于”。根据上下文,这里是说“必须将气体存放在一个密封的容器里,如同一颗行星的大气一样。” 故选项B为正确答案。
  31.答案:C
  【试题分析】本题为语法题,考查对非谓语动词的掌握。
  【详细解答】本句中的describe的逻辑主语为theories,故应用现在分词。同时,describe这一动作只说明一种事实,并不与其他动词作时间上的先后比较,不必用完成式。故选项C为正确答案。
  32.答案:A
  【试题分析】本题为短语词义与用法辨析题。
  【详细解答】consist of一般用主动式; be made from一般指某种产品由某种材料制成(但从外表上看不出原材料); be made up of表示“由……组成”。根据上下文理解,此处要求填一“由……组成”的短语,故选项C为正确答案。
  33.答案:C
  【试题分析】本题考查对固定搭配的掌握。
  【详细解答】apply意为“应用”;adapt意为“使适应”;conduct意为“指导;处理”,均不能与approach搭配。take approach为固定搭配,意思是“采用……方法”,符合句意。
  34.答案:D
  【试题分析】本题为形容词词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】 elementary意为“初步的,基本的”,指事物处于基础的或开始的阶段;crucial意为“极紧要的,决定性的”;rudimentary意为“基本的,初步的”;fundamental意为“基础的,十分重要的”。文中说“液体与气体之间的根本相似性在温度和压强有所提高时变得十分明显。”故选项D最合题意。
  35.答案:A
  【试题分析】本题为语法题,考查动词的特殊用法。
  【详细解答】suppose后常接一个省略了that的宾语从句,表示“假定,假设……”,用来展开说明。
  36.答案:C
  【试题分析】本题考查关联词的用法。
  【详细解答】in a word表示对上文的总结;in the mean time表示“同时”;in that case表示“在那种情况下”;in other words意为“换句话说”。上文的“expands”和后文“becomes less dense”的意思一致,后一句是为了解释说明前一句,故用in other words。
  37.答案:B
  【试题分析】本题考查语篇分析能力。
  【详细解答】 similarly意为“同样的”;furthermore意为“而且”,表示更进一步的关系;instead意为“相反,反而”,表对比关系,一般针对相同人、事情或行为。上文说当加热的时候,液体蒸发变得稀薄,而下文说气体因为蒸汽分子的加入而变得稠密,因此两句之间存在明显对比关系,只有in contrast最合题意。
  38.答案:D
  【试题分析】本题考查关系词的用法。
  【详细解答】本句子意为“使液体和气体密度相同的那个状态下的温度和压力被称作临界点。”句中的“temperature and pressure”是先行词,需要一个关系词引导一个定语从句修饰先行词。特定数值的temperature和pressure与at搭配意为“在某个温度和压力下”。由于that引导定语从句时前面不能有介词,所以正确答案是D。
  39.答案:C
  【试题分析】本题为动词词义及用法辨析题。
  【详细解答】known的常用结构是be known to be或be known as;defined 常用结构是be defined as;refer to意为“提到,说起”,不用于被动语态;只有called后可直接接主语补语。
  40.答案:D
  【试题分析】本题为动词词义及用法辨析题。
  【详细解答】classify指对某种对象进行“分类”;category指将某类事物“归类”;recognise表示“识别”;distinguish表示“区分”。根据句意,“在临界点之上时,气体和液体就很难再区分开来”,选项D为正确答案。

  三.选择
  41.答案:A
  【参考译文】敏锐的听觉使多数动物能远在人之前感觉到雷雨的来临。
  【试题分析】本题为语法题,考句子成份的省略与替代。
  【详细解答】“Acute hearing helps”是主句和before引导的从句具有相同的主语和谓语,从句中省略了该相同部分,用助动词do代替了与主句重复的信息“sense the approach of thunderstorms.”故答案为选项A。
  42.答案:B
  【参考译文】这种病如果不加以治疗,患者会完全失明。
  【试题分析】本题为语法题,考查连词的用法。
  【详细解答】 after和since都是引导时间状语从句,since还可作“因为”讲,引导原因状语从句。if“如果”和unless“除非”都可以引导条件状语从句。但if后接过去分词短语,省略的成分为主语+系动词,该主语只有与主句的主语相同才可省略。根据句意和句子结构,选项B为正确答案。
  43.答案:A
  【参考译文】中部省份在有些年份会遭水灾,在另一些年份会遭旱灾。
  【试题分析】本题为语法结构题。
  【详细解答】这是一个并列句,句中and是并列连词,它后面连接的内容与前面的 “floods in some years”是并列成份,要求结构相同。drought in others中others指代years。故选项A为正确答案。
  44.答案:D
  【参考译文】吃点水果,好吗?
  【试题分析】本题为语法题,考查对附加疑问句的掌握。
  【详细解答】本句是一个由“祈使句+附加疑问”构成的附加疑问句,这种附加疑问部分通常用won’t you表示一种征询意见的语气,因此答案选D。
  45.答案:C
  【参考译文】由于没有更多的东西可讨论,会议提前半小时结束了。
  【试题分析】本题为语法题,考查对独立主格结构的掌握。
  【详细解答】本句中的There being nothing more for discussion为独立主格结构,表示原因。
  46.答案:A
  【参考译文】我母亲因患有风湿病而不能走动。
  【试题分析】本题为动词短语词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】get about表示“(尤指病后)走动,往来各处,(消息、谣言等)传开”; get on表示“进展;相处;上车;继续干”等;set through表示“(使)了解;熬过;干完工作”;get in表示“到达;收获”。根据句意,选项A为正确答案。
  47.答案:B
  【参考译文】我对马克的粗鲁举止很反感,他太让我气恼了。
  【试题分析】本题为动词短语词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】put over表示“使被理解,传达……的意义,(尤指用欺骗手段)做成”等;putoff表示“推迟;关掉;消除使厌恶”等;put up表示“抬起,把……拿出来出售(拍卖等),张贴,提出(请愿、建议、问题等)”;put by表示“继续,储存,抛弃,回避”等。根据句意,选项B为正确答案。
  48.答案:A
  【参考译文】你本来不必将这件事告诉杰姆的,这与他无关。
  【试题分析】本题为为语法题,考查对情态动词及虚拟语气的掌握。
  【详细解答】needn’t have+过去分词,表示对过去的否定性猜测,为虚拟语气,表示“本来没必要做某事却做了”。
  49.答案:C
  【参考译文】要不是那儿人太多,我们就会在聚会上玩得更尽兴。
  【试题分析】本题为语法题,考查对虚拟语气的掌握。
  【详细解答】由主句中的would have done可知,这里表示的是与过去相反的事实,那么从句中相应地使用had done。
  50.答案:D
  【参考译文】使用计算机的公司发现,可以大幅度裁减质量控制人员的数量。
  【试题分析】本题为语法题,考查关系词的用法。
  【详细解答】此处要求关系词引导定语从句,限定中心词“the number of stuff”,同时这个词还要在从句中作主语,用来指人,故只有选项D为正确答案。
  51.答案:B
  【参考译文】这样看来,目前的经济形势似乎并不暗淡。
  【试题分析】本题为语法题,考查分词的用法。
  【详细解答】本题是分词作状语,因为主语the present economic situation为look的逻辑宾语,所以要用过去分词表示被动。
  52.答案:B
  【参考译文】许多人对虫子叮咬过敏,有一些人甚至必须去医院就诊。
  【试题分析】本题为形容词词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】 insensitive意为“反应迟钝的,不灵敏的”;B项allergic意为“过敏的”,常用于be allergic to结构,意为“对……过敏”;sensible意为“明智的;察觉的”,常用于be sensible of结构;infect意为“传染,感染”,不与介词to连用。根据句意和句子结构,选项B为正确答案。
  53.答案:D
  【参考译文】在高速公路上开车时必须遵循车道标志。
  【试题分析】本题为名词词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】 way指的是为了到达某个地点而要经过的地方,比较笼统、抽象;track指“不平坦的小路”,还可以指铁轨,比赛的跑道等;road指“大道,公路”,通行的道路;lane指的是“公路上用黄线或白线划开的车道”。
  54.答案: A
  【参考译文】为了避免撞倒那位老太太,那个驾车者不得不在道路中央突然将车转向一边。
  【试题分析】本题为动词词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】swerve意为“(车突然地)转向一边”;twist意为“使转动;扭曲,曲折地走”;depart意为“离开;启程”;swing意为“摆动,挥动”。根据句意和句子结构,选项A为正确答案。
  55.答案:B
  【参考译文】在冬天,司机很难避免汽车在结了冰的路面上打滑。
  【试题分析】本题为动词词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】skate表示“(在冰面上)滑行”、“溜(冰)”’一股指滑冰运动;skid表示“(人、车等行进时因路面滑而向一侧)打滑,滑倒”;slide表示“(在冰、滑梯、跑道等上)滑行,滑动;滑落”;slip表示“失脚,滑跤”,常指由于不小心、路滑等而滑倒。根据句意,此处指“车轮的打滑”。
  56.答案:C
  【参考译文】该计划需要大大增加防卫开支。
  【试题分析】本题为动词词义及用法辨析题。
  【详细解答】 result为不及物动词,常与in连用表结果,result in意为“造成;导致”;assure意为“使确信,使放心”; entail意为“使成为必要;需要”; accomplish意为“完成;实现”。根据句意,选项C为正确答案。
  57.答案:B
  【参考译文】再发生这些不幸事件的可能性很小。
  【试题分析】本题为形容词词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】 distant意为“遥远的;远离的;疏远的”; slim意为“(指希望、可能性等)微小的;渺茫的”; unlikely意为“未必有的;未必可能的” narrow意为“狭的;狭窄的”。这里是说“发生某事的可能性”,故选项B为正确答案。
  58.答案:C
  【参考译文】为了讨论起见,我们应该明确区分competent(能干的)和proficient(精通的)。
  【试题分析】本题为名词词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】 separation意为“分开,裂开”;division意为“分开;分配”;division意为“分割,切分”;difference意为“差异”。在这四个选项中,只有division可与make搭配,make a clear distinction意为“清楚地区分……”,故为正确答案。
  59.答案:D
  【参考译文】在目前经济环境下,我们可以取得比以往更大的进步。
  【试题分析】本题为名词词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】air常用作“空气”,也可指“气氛”;mood意为“心情,心境”;area意为“地区;范围”;climate意为“气候”,既可指自然“气候”,也可比喻“政治气候”,“经济气候”等。本句是指“经济环境”,因此答案为D。
  60.答案:B
  【参考译文】无论参照什么标准,Rite of Passage都是一部好小说。因此,它应在任何科幻小说名录上名列前茅。
  【试题分析】本题为副词词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】consistently意为“一贯的,一致的”; consequently意为“因此,所以”;invariably意为“不变的,永恒的”;fortunately意为“幸运的,好运的”。根据句意,选项B为正确答案。
  61.答案:C
  【参考译文】该地区热带植物多种多样,这说明这里有取之不尽的原材料,而只有一点点被利用的。
  【试题分析】本题为形容词词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】exploited意为“被开发的”; controversial意为“引起争论的,有争议的”; inexhaustible意为“用不完的,无穷无尽的”;remarkable意为“异常的,非凡的”,根据句意,选项C为正确答案。
  62.答案:A
  【参考译文】他在北京期间把所有时间都用来参观一些重要的博物馆和建筑。
  【试题分析】本题为动词词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】visit表示“参观(景点、人物等)”;travel表示“旅行”;watch表示“观看(活动、比赛等)”;tour表示“在……旅行,参观(地点)”。
  63.答案:D
  【参考译文】你务必在明天十点前将年度报告交到我手上。
  【试题分析】本题考查对固定搭配的掌握。
  【详细解答】without fail为固定短语,意为“务必,必定”。without hesitation意为“毫不犹豫
  64.答案:B
  【参考译文】由于主管不能来参加这个接待会,我以他的身份来担任本公司的代表。
  【试题分析】本题考查对固定搭配的掌握。
  【详细解答】 on one’s behalf是固定搭配,意为“代表某人”。
  65.答案:A
  【参考译文】梦本身并不提供什么信息,但若结合其他数据,却能大大地帮助我们了解梦者。
  【试题分析】本题为形容词词义辨析题。
  【详细解答】 uninformative意为“不提供资料的”; startling意为“吃惊的”; harmless意为“无害的”; uncontrollable意为“不可控制的”。根据句意,选项A为正确答案。

  二.阅读理解 A
  TEXT A

  短文大意:本文讲述的是人类现代大众传媒的方式和内容的变化。
  66.答案:C
  【参考译文】作者在第一段中强调的是面对面交流的什么?
  【试题分析】本题为细节理解题。
  【详细解答】短文第一段指出我们若要参与社会,如乘车、购物、下饭馆,我们就必须与别人进行面对面的接触,而且很多交流都是通过面对面的口头交流实现的。因此作者在第一段中强调的是面对面交流的特征,而不是其“性质”,“局限性”或“创造性”。故选项C 为正确答案。
  67. 答案:D
  【参考译文】文中暗示了什么?
  【试题分析】本题为推理题。
  【详细解答】短文第二段讲到“speed has revolutionized the transmission and reception of communications so that local news often takes a back seat to national news,which itself is often almost eclipsed by international news.”即“现代传播发送和接收的速度起了革命性的变化,因此往往使地方新闻落后于全国新闻,而国际新闻往往又几乎超过全国新闻。”由此可知,国际新闻传播得最快。
  68. 答案:B
  【参考译文】下列哪种说法是不正确的?
  【试题分析】本题为细节推理题,可用排除法解答。
  【详细解答】根据短文的第三段第一句“No longer is the possession of information confined to a privileged minority”可排除选项A;根据第四段第一句“Communication is no longer merely concerned with the transmission of information.”,可排除选项C。根据第四段第二句“The modem communication industry influences the way people live in society and broadens their horizons by allowing access to information, education and entertainment.”,可排除选项D。根据第三段第二句“In the last century the wealthy man with his own library was fortunate,but today there are publiclibraries.”意思是说“上个世纪富人拥有私人图书馆是幸运的,但是今天已经有公共图书馆了。”我们知道过去富人拥有自己的图书馆,而今天人们也有了大众图书馆,这并不等于私人图书馆就不存在了,故选项B的说法是不正确的。
  69.答案:D
  【参考译文】从文中最后一段,我们可以推知作者什么?
  【试题分析】本题为推理题。
  【详细解答】作者在最后一段说“Although a great deal of the material communicated by the mass media is very valuable to the individual ... . However, the mass media are with us for better, for worse, and there is no turning back.” 作者指出,尽管媒体所传播的相当多的东西对个人和社会都是十分有益的,但偌大的现代通讯网络还是遭到人们的滥用。但尽管如此,不管是更好还是更糟,大众媒介总会伴随我们,而不会走回头路。可见,作者并没有表示大众媒介所发生的剧烈变化让他感到高兴,也没有对大众媒介的未来表示悲观,同样也没有对大众媒介的滥用表示担心,故选项D为正确答案。
  TEXT B
  短文大意:本文介绍的是盎格鲁—撒克逊人的姓氏特征。
  70.答案:C
  【参考译文】盎格鲁—撒克逊英国人的姓氏如何?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】短文第一段第二句说“Distinguishing epithets were rarely added.These might be patronymic,descriptive or occupational.They were,however,hardly surname.”即“用以区别的称号不多,这些称号可能是源自先辈名的、描述性的或职业的,但很少是姓氏。”由此可知,盎格鲁—撒克逊英国人的姓氏是“不常见的”。
  71.答案:C
  【参考译文】从第一段我们可以知道在13和14世纪之后的许多年里的什么?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】第一段最后一句说“for many years after that the degree of stability in family names varied considerably in different parts of the country”,即13和14世纪后的许多年里,姓氏的稳定程度在英国不同地区有很大的差异,也就是说,仍有人在不停地更改自己的姓氏,所以选项C为正确答案。
  72.答案:A
  【参考译文】第二段中的patronymic一词的意思与下列哪一项最接近?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】短文第三段第二句说“Even such a name as Simpson may belong to this last group, and not to the first, had the family once had its home in the ancient village of that name. Otherwise, Simpson means the son of Simon, as might be expected.”由Simpson这一姓氏的来历可知, patronymic一词意为“源于父名的姓”,因此选项A正确。
  73.答案:D
  【参考译文】下列哪一选项是一种观点而不是事实?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】短文第四、五段分别提到“All these vocational names carry with them acertain gravity and dignity…”,“Hundreds of occupational surnames are at once familiar to us, or at least recognisable after a little thought …” ,“‘Black’ and ‘White’ implied ‘dark’and ‘fair’…, ”,它们都是事实。短文最后一段说“there is hardly a town or village in all England that has not at sometime given its name to a family.”意思是“英格兰几乎每个村镇都在某个时期把它的名字赋予给一个家庭”,这里说“几乎”而不是“全都这样”,所以D项不是事实。
  TEXT C
  短文大意:本文介绍的是瑞士银行业的策略及其变化。
  74.答案:B
  【参考译文】瑞士银行引以为豪的是什么?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】短文第一段首句说“…Swiss banks had prided themselves on their system of banking secrecy and numbered accounts….”即“瑞士的银行以它们的银行保密和编码账户系统而自豪”,也就是说瑞士的银行在“维护客户的信息”方面的做法值得自豪。
  75.答案:D
  【参考译文】根据该短文,瑞士银行对外国富人来说是不可抗拒的,银行方面对这一观点是什么态度?   
  【试题分析】本题为细节推理题。
  【详细解答】短文第一段最后两句说“There was a widely-held belief that Switzerland was irresistible to wealthy foreigners, mainly because of its numbered accounts and bankers’ reluctance to ask awkward questions of depositors. Contributing to the mystique was the view, carefully propagated by the banks themselves, that if this secrecy was ever given up, foreigners would fall over themselves in the rush to withdraw money, and the Swiss banking system would virtually collapse over night.”。这两句的意思是,有一个普遍认同的观点,那就是瑞士银行对外国富人来说是不可抗拒的,因为他们用编码账户,银行不过问任何储蓄者难以回答的问题。银行方面的解释是,如果放弃了保密性,外国人将会蜂拥而至撤回资金,瑞士银行系统将会一夜之间垮台。由此可知,选项D“defend”(为某观点辩护)”最合题意。
  76.答案:C
  【参考译文】在短文最后一段,作者认为什么?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】在此段中作者说“Although the banks agreed to end relations with clients whose identities were unclear or who were performing improper acts, they were still not obliged to inform on a client to anyone, including the Swiss government. To some extent, therefore, the principle of secrecy had been maintained.”此句说明契约虽然签订了,但银行的保密性原则还是一如继往。所以作者认为“银行政策方面的变革流于形式”。
  TEXT D
  短文大意:这篇短文描述的是Coketown城镇的喧嚣、脏乱景象。
  77.答案:D
  【参考译文】不能用下列哪个形容词来形容Coketown?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】由“smoke trailed themselves for ever and ever”,“steam-engine worked monotonously up and down”等句子可知,Coketown是“单调的”(dull);由句子“river that ran purple with ill-smelling dye”,“there could have been no such blotch可知,Coketown是“肮脏的”( dirty);由“there was a rattling and a trembling all day long”可知Coketown 是“喧闹的” noisy。只在文中没有提及有关Coketown是“野蛮的”(savage)的文字,故选项D为正确答案。
  78.答案:A
  【参考译文】从该短文可知,Coketown是一个什么样的城镇?
  【试题分析】本题为细节推理题。
  【详细解答】由短文第二句“It was a town of machinery and tall chimneys, out of which smoke trailed themselves for ever and ever.”可知,Coketown应该是一个工业小城。
  79.答案:C
  【参考译文】只有下列哪一项不受天气影响?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】短文最后一段说“But no temperature made the mad elephants more mad or more sane. Their wearisome heads went up and down at the same rate, in hot weather and in cold, wet weather and dry fair weather and foul.”由此可知,无论什么天气,蒸汽机都以相同的速度运转,也就是说,蒸汽机不受天气的影响。
  80.答案:B
  【参考译文】下列哪一项是作者对Coketown城的看法?
  【试题分析】本题为主旨题。
  【详细解答】在这篇短文中,作者大量描述了Coketown城的喧嚣、脏乱等景象,由此可知,这是一个受到严重污染的城市。
  阅读理解 B
  TEXT E
  短文大意:这篇短文介绍的是心算的重要性。
  81.答案:D
  【参考译文】作者关心的是什么?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】短文第二句说“I think there should be equal concern for those who are unable to cope with simple mental arithmetic—particularly girls”,由此可知,作者关心的是“mental arithmetic”(心算)。
  TEXT F
  短文大意:这是一封应聘翻译职位的求职信。
  82.答案:B
  【参考译文】这是一封什么样的?
  【试题分析】本题为细节推理题。
  【详细解答】信的开头说 “…I’d like to apply for the position of translator with your firm”,由此可知,这是一封应聘翻译职位的求职申请信。
  TEXT G
  短文大意:这篇短文介绍的是孤独感的产生以及摆脱孤独的建议。
  83.答案:A
  【参考译文】这篇文章主要是关于什么的?
  【试题分析】本题为主旨题。
  【详细解答】短文首句说“Loneliness is a curious thing”,第二段首句说“This feeling of loneliness…is very difficult to get rid of.”可见这篇文章的主要内容是关于“loneliness”的。
  TEXT H
  短文大意:本文讨论的是公共交通事业的各个方面近年来的发展变化。
  84.答案:C
  【参考译文】作者主要讨论的是公共交通的哪一个方面?
  【试题分析】本题为主旨题。
  【详细解答】短文第一段讲到,虽然公交的价格已经成倍提高,但仍然较便宜,老百姓已经普遍乘坐地铁和小公共;第二段讲车辆增多后,环保问题引起人们注意,包括汽车只允许使用无铅油,在城市里多植树等。公共交通也有了实质的进步,公交汽车随处可见,车辆整洁,车型品种也增多。可见,全文反映的是公共交通的进步,因此选项C为正确答案。
  TEXT I
  短文大意:本文介绍的是香港圣诞树装饰大赛的情景。
  85.答案:B
  【参考译文】每个参赛队至少应有多少队员?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】短文第二段最后一句说“Each team should be formed by at least three persons.”,由此可知,每个参赛队至少应有3名队员。
  86.答案:D
  【参考译文】参赛队员可将什么带进赛场?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】短文第三段最后一句说“Participants can bring along their own decoration materials and to use their imagination and creativity to achieve the best results.” 由此可知,参赛队员可将装饰物(decoration materials)带进赛场。
  TEXT J
  短文大意:本文介绍的是四种夏日外出旅游的计划。
  87.答案:C
  【参考译文】如果只有半天的时间,应该选择哪天出行?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】第四个方案提到“A half-day trip to Oxford…leave at 2:15 pm….Back after the show”,只有该出行计划只用半天的时间就可以了,其时间是“Wednesday 9 August”,所以此题答案选C。
  88.答案:B
  【参考译文】哪个出行方案可以看到Georgian architecture?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】第二个方案提到“The spa town of Bath contains…much elegant Georgianarchitecture.”从这里直接得出正确答案是选项B。
  TEXT K
  短文大意:本文是一篇关于欧洲各国民族特性的调查结果。
  89.答案:A
  【参考译文】哪个民族比较具有商业头脑?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】在Dutch栏可以看到“Everyone agreed that the Dutch are hardworking,thrifty,good-natured,tolerant and business-minded.” 由此可知,荷兰人较有商业头脑。
  90.答案:D
  【参考译文】对哪个国家的看法分歧最大?
  【试题分析】本题为细节题。
  【详细解答】在British栏可以看到“Some found them calm,reserved,open-minded,trustworthy;others thought they were insular and superior.”由此可知,人们对英国人的看法是有分歧的。
  本套真题测试的语言重点
  (重点单词)
  rudimentary 基本的,初步的
  swerve (车突然地)转向一边
  controversial 引起争论的,有争议的
  uninformative 不提供资料的
  eclipse 超越
  pedestrian 缺乏想象力的
  mystique 神秘色彩,神秘性
  stifling 令人窒息的
  (重点词组)
  get about (尤指病后)走动;往来各处;(消息、谣言等)传开
  put by 继续;储存;抛弃;回避
  be allergic to 对……过敏
  without fail务必,必定
  take a back seat to 位于……之后
  fall over oneself 不知所措
  as (the) matters stood 照目前的情况

  五.作文
  PART Ⅰ WRITINGSECTION A
  [参考范文]
  The Importance of Extracurricular Activities
  Dear Editor,
  People have different ideas about how students should spend their school days. Some believe that students should spend the whole day on academic studies. Others believe that extracurricular activities should be a required part of every school day. I think both ways have their advantages. But I prefer the latter.As a student, our main task is to concentrate on our academic study. We have to attend classes, reading books and doing assignments. Only by working hard can we learn our courses well. But I don’t think we should spend every hour and minute on academic study. A proverb says, “All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.” Without good health and strong body, how can we improve our study efficiency and make great achievements in our academic study? Besides, spending the whole day on academic study may make us exhausted and weak. We should find other meaningful things to do besides studying. For example, doing extracurricular activities can make students’ life more colorful and beneficial. There are various forms of exercise. My favorite one is football. I play football with my classmates for one hour every afternoon. After a day’s hard work, how nice it is to stretch my arms and legs! By playing football I’ve got both joy and strength. I always lookenergetic.
  Actually doing extracurricular activities doesn’t disturb our study if we make full use of our time. Instead it does help us study more efficiently. We can be good at learning as well as extracurricular activities. So I suggest that students do extracurricular activities along with their academic studies.
  SECTION B
  [参考范文]

  Dear George,
  I have read on the notice board that the university is looking for a part-time library assistance who can work at weekends. I think you are the suitable person for this vacancy, for you are free at weekends and it pays well, yet the job is not difficult. It is also a good chance to improve yourself. So you shouldgo for an interview. 

~~~ 英语专四专八通关秘诀 ~~~~~
纠错

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