2012年翻译考试高级口译汉英口译实践练习(38)

来源:考试吧发布时间:2012-10-27

  第38篇 政府机构改革

  作为中国政治体制改革重要组成部分的政府机构改革已正式拉开帷幕。政府机构改革是深化经济体制改革、促进经济和社会发展的迫切需要,是国家领导制度改革的重要内容,也是密切政府同人民群众联系的客观要求。

  China’s government restructuring campaign, an important part of political reform in China, has been formally staged. Restructuring government institutions is urgently needed to deepen the economic restructuring and promote economic and social development in China. It constitutes an important aspect of the reform of the state leadership system and a necessity in bringing the government closer to the people.

  现有政府机构设置的基本框架,实在计划经济体制的条件下逐步形成的。虽然自改革开放以来进行过多次调整和改革,取得一些进展,但由于历史条件限制和宏观环境制约,很多问题未能得到根本性的解决,机构设置同社会主义市场经济发展的矛盾日益突出。这些问题突出表现在以下几个方面:

  The basic framework of current government institutions was formed gradually during the time when the country’s economy was predominantly a planned one. Although China has adjusted and reformed government institutions on many occasions and made some progress in government restructuring since its implementation of reform and opening policies, many problems have not been fundamentally solved due to the restrictions imposed by historical conditions and general environment. Consequently, the incompatibilities of government institutions with the development of a socialist market economy have become increasingly apparent. The following problems are most conspicuous in this regard:

  第一, 政府机构重叠庞大,人浮于事的现象严重,这不仅滋生官僚主义和文牍主义,主张贪污****和不正之风,也给国家财政造成了沉重的负担。

  First, a bloated size and unwieldy organization of government institutions with overlapping functions and serious overstaffing have given rise to bureaucracy and red tape, bred corruption, promoted unhealthy practices, and created a heavy financial burden on the state.

  第二, 政企不分,政府直接干预企业的生产经营活动,不能形成科学决策的投资体制,容易造成责任不清和决策失误,难以发挥市场在资源配置中的基础作用。

  Second, the functions of the government fail to be separated from those of enterprises. The government often has a direct hand in the operation of enterprises, which makes it difficult to establish an investment system based on scientific decision making, but easy to lead to non-accountability an wrong decision making. Consequently, the market can hardly play a fundamental role in the allocation of resources.

  第三, 政府主要依靠行政手段来管理经济和社会事务,许多本来应该运用法律手段,或者通过社会中介组织来处理的事务,却通过设立政府机构加以管理,使政府负担过重。

  Third, the government manages economic and social affairs mainly through administrative means. Many of the matters that should have otherwise been dealt with by legislation or through social intermediate organizations are managed by extra government departments, thus creating extra responsibilities for the government.

  这次机构改革的目标是按照发展社会主义市场经济的要求,根据精简、统一、效能的原则,转变政府职能,建立办事高效、运转协调、行为规范的行政管理体系,完善公务员制度,建立高素质和专业化行政管理干部队伍。改革的重点是调整和撤销那些直接管理经济的专业部门,加强宏观调控和执法监管部门。我们要按照权责一致的要求,调整部门的权责权限,明确划分部门之间的职责分工,完善行政运行机制。

  We will carry out this reform in accordance with the requirements for developing a socialist market economy and by following the principle of simplification, uniformity and efficiency. We will shift the functions of the government and separate them from those of enterprises so as to establish a highly efficient, well-coordinated and standardized administrative system. We will improve the system of public servants, building a contingent of administrators who are highly competent and professionally specialized. The reform will focus on recognizing or canceling departments directly in charge of economic management, and on reinforcing macro-control departments as well as those that enforce the law and supervise law enforcement. In accordance with the requirements of integrating power with responsibility, we should readjust and reduce the responsibilities of various departments of the government and improve its administrative operating mechanism.

  所有政府机关及其工作人员都必须认真执行国家的法律、法规和政策。各级领导干部都要依法行政,忠实履行自己的职责,勤政廉政,提高办事效率。

  All government institutions and functionaries must implement state laws, decrees and policies. Leading cadres at all levels should faithfully perform their official duties according to law as industries, honest and efficient administrators.

纠错

翻译资格考试辅导权威名师团队 助你通关! 咨询:010-51268840

2012翻译资格 资深专家老师进行在线答疑 咨询:010-51268840

  • 专业课套餐:套餐4折大促销,报名开课3日内无条件退费!   详情>>

类别
班别
试听 课时 优惠价 赠送 学习期 报名
翻译二级套餐 CATTI二级口译
全科无忧退费班
137 1680元 (2级)《英语口译全真试题精解》 6个月
CATTI二级笔译
全科无忧退费班
132 1480元
CATTI二级口译
实务无忧退费班
113 1480元 (2级)《英语口译全真试题精解》
CATTI二级笔译
实务无忧退费班
108 1280元
翻译三级套餐 CATTI三级口译
全科无忧退费班
126 1580元 (3级)《英语口译全真试题精解》
CATTI三级笔译
全科无忧退费班
136 1480元
CATTI三级口译
实务无忧退费班
98 1380元 (3级)《英语口译全真试题精解》
CATTI三级笔译
实务无忧退费班
110 1280元

元培翻译资深专家老师亲自面授 一对一教学 咨询:010-51268840

  • 同传一对一:提高同传翻译技能,达到进行现场同传的水平!!详情>>

班级名称
授课地点
开课时间 优惠价 报 名
英语笔译二级第80期周末班 北京语言大学校区 2012.6.17 ¥3760
英语笔译二级第81期暑假班 北京语言大学校区 2012.7.18 ¥3760
英语口译二级第79期周末班
北京语言大学 2012.6.16 ¥4060
英语口译二级第80期暑假班 北京语言大学 2012.7.18 ¥4060

报造价工程师辅导可免费获赠上一年同科目辅导! 咨询:010-51268840

  • 精品班:当期考试未通过 下期学费减半。  详情>>
  • 实验班:入学签协议 考试不过返学费。    详情>>

造价师课程名称
试听
主讲老师
普通班
精品班
实验班 考前特训班 报名
真题解析 模考点评
基础理论与相关法规 刘 菁 300元 800元 1500元 120元 120元
工程造价计价与控制 高 华 300元 800元 1500元 120元 120元
工程技术与计量(土建) 李毅佳 300元 800元 1500元 120元 120元
工程技术与计量(安装) 陈伟珂 300元 -- -- -- --
工程造价案例分析 王 英 300元 800元 1500元 120元 120元

育路版权与免责声明

① 凡本网注明稿件来源为"原创"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属本网所有。任何媒体、网站或个人转载、链接转贴或以其他方式复制发表时必须注明"稿件来源:育路网",违者本网将依法追究责任;

② 本网部分稿件来源于网络,任何单位或个人认为育路网发布的内容可能涉嫌侵犯其合法权益,应该及时向育路网书面反馈,并提供身份证明、权属证明及详细侵权情况证明,育路网在收到上述法律文件后,将会尽快移除被控侵权内容。

咨询热线
010-51297401

给我们留言